National Consultations on CLB/NCLC
Established in 1998, the CCLB/CNCLC is the parent organization of the Canadian Language Benchmarks/Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens standard. In 2008 – 2010, the CCLB/CNCLC plans to consult a broad spectrum of stakeholder groups to gain insight into how the CLB/NCLC should evolve to meet needs of both existing and emerging groups. The CCLB/CNCLC is working closely with provincial and federal governments who, over the years, have participated in the development of materials and programs based on the CLB/NCLC.
The consultation process has been developed with a strong orientation toward developing a shared understanding of how the CLB/NCLC and its parent organization the CCLB can best evolve to meet current and future needs.
A number of outcomes have been defined for the national consultation which flow directly from the deliverables. They include:
- Validation of the current structure and content of the CLB 2000 and NCLC 2006. If specific changes are required to either the CLB or NCLC they will be undertaken in consultation with CIC and experts in the field once directions have been affirmed.
- Clarity about the core services to be offered by CCLB/CNCLC;
- Clarity about the future directions to maximize the potential of the standards; and
- The required organizational capacity and structure to advance the intended directions.
Background on National Consultations
The Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks (CCLB)/Centre des niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (CNCLC) is the centre of expertise in support of the national standards in English and French for describing, measuring, and recognizing the second language proficiency of adult immigrants and prospective immigrants for living and working in Canada.
In 2000, the CCLB/CNCLC revised the Canadian Language Benchmarks 2000 (CLB 2000) for currency, allowing for the development of materials based on the standards for assessment, for professional development and for occupation-specific uses, including training to various partners who use the benchmarks. Note that the organization developed the first version of the French benchmarks, les Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC), in 2006.
The national consultation on the CLB 2000/NCLC 2006 aims to be a comprehensive scan of organizations, programs, groups and individuals who use the CLB/NCLC. These stakeholder groups can express needs, gaps, and desired next steps in terms of content, materials, tools, and uses of the CLB/NCLC. In addition, the consultation will determine appropriate planning and action for the CCLB/CNCLC.
History of the CLB/NCLC
1992 – Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) ran regional consultations within the ESL community in Canada with the aim of enhancing and supporting language training in Canada for its “made-in-Canada” language training policy. The consultations was tasked to provide a common method for describing second language learning proficiency of adult ESL learners in Canada.
1993 – The National Working Group on Language Benchmarks (NWGLB) was established. The NWGLB was made up of teachers, program administrators, government officials, and immigrant serving groups from across the country who gave feedback and direction to the team of writers working with Grazyna Pawlikowska Smith.
1996 – The first working copy of the Benchmarks was made available. The CLB 1996 contained a dozen benchmarks for three skills: Oral Communication, Reading, and Writing. The Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks (CCLB) was created based on feedback from a November 1996 conference that identified the need for an institution outside of government to take responsibility for the Benchmark project.
1998 – The CCLB was created by CIC in partnership with the provincial governments of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Saskatchewan to support and maintain the standard through a multi-stakeholder, nationally representative and inter-governmental board of directors. Now almost 10 years later, the CLB are well established within the ESL community underlying both provincial and federal language training systems. The reality is that the CLB have truly become a common language for the entire immigrant-serving community.
2002 – At the annual meeting of the CCLB Board of Directors, it was decided that the Centre should provide a French version of the benchmarks to the French as a second language (FSL) community. The University of Ottawa developed the first version of the national standard, named les Standards linguistiques canadiens 2002 (SLC 2002). That same year, Citizenship and Immigration Canada approved use of the SLC 2002 for use in programs teaching FSL to adult newcomers to Canada.
2004 – 2005 – The SLC 2002 underwent a national review within the FSL practitioner community.
2005 – The SLC 2002 was revised based on feedback from the national review the year before.
2006 – The French standards were released as les Niveaux de compétence canadiens 2006 (NCLC 2006).
2008 – 2010 – CCLB/CNCLC begins the national consultation on the CLB/NCLC.
How CLB/NCLC Is Used
Since the development of the CLB/NCLC, the standard has been used the following ways:
- For ESL/FSL teachers – The CLB/NCLC provides clear information about what a learner knows (language competencies) and what they still need to learn
- For Learners – The CLB/NCLC allows learners to speak to a job finder or employment counsellor about his or her competencies using a common language of understanding.
- For Community Colleges – The CLB/NCLC provides a clear indication of the probable success of a learner prior to registration, and the language level either for entry into a program or as an indicator of learner success in a post-secondary program.
- For Employers and Sector Councils – The CLB/NCLC can be used to identify the language levels required to work successfully in an occupation. This data can be documented in Benchmarking Studies or in Occupational Language Analysis.
- For Assessment – The CLB/NCLC forms the foundation for several CLB-based language assessment tools used in licensed Assessment Centres across Canada. For more information on assessment tools, visit the Formal Assessment tab of the For Language Learners page of this web site or consult the National Assessment Framework brochure.
- For Resource Development – The CLB/NCLC is often used as a starting point for developing curriculum, lesson plans, and other resources for newcomers to Canada who may have English or French as their second (or additional) language.
This list shows just some of the ways that the CLB/NCLC standard is utilized in Canada by various stakeholders.