CLB Literacy (2000)

Canadian Language Benchmarks:  
ESL for Literacy Learners 
(version 2000)

CLB 2000: ESL for Literacy Learners

CLB 2000: ESL for Literacy Learners lays out the progression of reading, writing and numeracy skills for ESL adult learners with little or no literacy skills in their first language. It is also useful to inform programs for ESL learners who are literate in a non-Roman alphabet, and who may need help learning reading and writing basics in English.

ESL Literacy Benchmarks are designed to be used with the listening and speaking benchmarks in the CLB 2000: English as a second language for adults.

ESL Literacy Benchmarks are divided into a pre-reading and pre-writing phase, called the Foundation Phase, followed by Phases I, II and III.

Foundation Phase:

The Foundation Phase describes pre-reading and writing concepts and skills that students must develop prior to Phase 1.  Students who have never attended school before and have no experience with written text usually need to develop some basic skills before they can begin to read and write. 

Phases I, II and III.

Each Phase includes the skill areas of reading, writing and numeracy. Each Phase begins with an overview that provides a global description, sociocultural and linguistic considerations, learning strategies, and reading, writing and numeracy strategies for learners in this phase of their ESL Literacy development.

To enable students and teachers to mark student progress, the reading and writing skill areas have been further divided into three progress points:  Initial, Developing and Adequate.