Theoretical Framework for the CLB and NCLC


ISBN 978-1-897100-35-6

e-version ISBN 978-1-897100-45-5

The Theoretical Framework for the Canadian Language Benchmarks and Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens is a companion document to the Canadian Language Benchmarks.

This document provides a more in-depth study of the CLB. It provides an overview of the CLB including:

  • global profiles of Benchmarks 1 to 12
  • theoretical background
  • rating scales
  • glossary of terms
  • bibliography

In order to make the CLB a practical, usable document, the competencies and standards had to be considerably compressed and simplified. Much of the in-depth discussion of language ability or proficiency omitted from the CLB has been included in this document. 


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For more information contact the CCLB at [email protected] or to place an order please visit our Publications page to dowload our order form that can be either faxed or scanned and emailed.

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